Cooling and calming, forward bends are introduced at the beginner level. For beginner students forward bends can seem approachable because for one, they are not particularly scary. However forward bends can cause or irritate an intervertebral disc injury, reduce circulation to the lower body and bring on a depressed mind state. As teachers, forward bends, especially seated forward bends, require more energy to teach as students can become tamasic (sleepy) and introverted, often focused on their physical restrictions and discomfort. This is unlike the standing or back bending asana that invite in the breath and a mental state of empowerment. Why is this?